CO2 Reduction: What should the world aim for? PDF Print E-mail


According to Bill McKibben, the first author to write a book on global warming, 350 is the most important number in the world. It represents 350 parts per million CO2 which is the atmospheric CO2 concentration to which the the earth's atmosphere must be reduced if life on earth is to avoid huge climate changes. At the present time, the earth's atmosphere is well past this with 394 ppm CO2.

To scientists' surprise, this 387 ppm CO2 is causing major changes in the earth's climate including rising sea levels, increasing acid in sea water, melting glaciers in the Himalayas, the Andes, and the Sierras, drought, floods and violent weather, and the spread of malaria and dengue fever.  As glaciers melt and disappear, the rivers they feed will dry up too, and millions of people will be without water.  According to a report by the Global Humanitarian Forum, an annual conference led by Kofi Annan, the former United Nations Secretary General, global warming is causing more than 300,000 deaths and about $125 billion in economic losses each year.  Read the key findings of the U. S. Global Change Research Program.

Without a move to clean energy sources, Minnesota's CO2 emissions would continue to increase as shown in the chart below:


mn ghg emissions by sector 1995-2025





MN's Leading Election System

With Secretary of State Steve Simon


steve simon


Listen to Secretary of State Steve Simon's excellent presentation on MN's outstanding election system emulated by many other states at the Think Again Brooklyns forum January 19, 2016.  Secretary Simon includes ways in which it can be improved, and he explains why it is important to vote.  He concludes with a quote from a tee shirt:  "Failure to vote is not an act of rebellion.  It is an act of surrender."

Get details on how to vote at

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How Oregon Became the Easiest Place to Vote in the US

By Lornet Turnbull
YES! Magazine
October 8, 2016


In January, Oregon became the first state in the country to begin automatically registering eligible citizens to vote when they obtain or renew their driver's licenses or state IDs, completely shifting the burden of voter registration from the individual to the government. 

Read the Article

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