|Canadian Tar Sands Oil and Pipelines in MN and U.S.|
Many Minnesotans are not aware that 80% of their gasoline comes from Canadian tar sands oil. Though our attention has been focused on the Keystone XL Pipeline, pipelines already bring tar sands oil to refineries in Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Alberta Clipper is a 36-inch pipeline that covers 326 miles, most of it in Minnesota. It runs from the northwestern tip of the state, along a line through Thief River Falls, Clearbrook and Bemidji, then eastward through Deer River, Grand Rapids, and finally to Superior, Wisconsin. Older pipelines bring tar sands oil to the Flint Hills refinery in Pine Bend, MN and to the Marathon Refinery in St. Paul Park, MN.
Existing and proposed pipelines would bring tar sands oil to over 30 refineries throughout the U.S. Over the last ten years, diluted bitumen (DilBit) exports to the United States have increased almost fivefold, to 550,000 barrels per day (bpd) in 2010. By 2019, Canadian tar sands producers plan to triple this amount to as much as 1.5 million bpd of DilBit.