Alberta Tar Sands PDF Print E-mail

tar sand oilIt just so happens that Koch Industries, headquartered in Wichita Kansas, has its largest refinery in Rosemount, MN.  It is the 14th largest refinery in the United States and gets its oil from the  tar sands in Alberta, Canada.  This is not the light crude oil that we think of, but a very thick mixture of  oil, sand, water, and clay that is solid at normal temperatures.  About four tons of this material must be extracted for every one barrel of oil produced.  It requires as many as 1000 cubic meters of gas to convert a barrel of the substance to thick crude that can be piped to a refinery.

Destruction of the Boreal Forest in Alberta

dr. maureen hackett on tar sands

This process destroys the environment and ecosystems in Alberta, Canada, leaving gaping open pit mines 75 meters deep scarring the landscape.  The boreal forest ecosystem stores more carbon in its peatlands, soil, and trees than any other ecosystem in the world, including the tropical rainforests.  Tar sands extraction in Northern Alberta is destroying previously untouched boreal forest  equivalent to the size of the state of Florida. The environmental destruction is immense and releases huge amounts of greenhouse gas emissions into the atmosphere.  See the Democratic Visions interview of Maureen Hackett on the Tar Sands.



MN's Leading Election System

With Secretary of State Steve Simon


steve simon


Listen to Secretary of State Steve Simon's excellent presentation on MN's outstanding election system emulated by many other states at the Think Again Brooklyns forum January 19, 2016.  Secretary Simon includes ways in which it can be improved, and he explains why it is important to vote.  He concludes with a quote from a tee shirt:  "Failure to vote is not an act of rebellion.  It is an act of surrender."

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How Oregon Became the Easiest Place to Vote in the US

By Lornet Turnbull
YES! Magazine
October 8, 2016


In January, Oregon became the first state in the country to begin automatically registering eligible citizens to vote when they obtain or renew their driver's licenses or state IDs, completely shifting the burden of voter registration from the individual to the government. 

Read the Article

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