Results of Local Police Cooperation with ICE
Community Instability, Economic Decline, Great Stress on Immigrants
Nationwide, over 600 states, counties, and municipalities limit cooperation with Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) officers.1At least 53 counties do not allow the use of local resources to assist ICE in federal immigration enforcement. Many jurisdictions refuse to hold individuals in custody without probable cause based solely upon an ICE detainer request, and some limit ICE’s ability to interrogate immigrants in custody. All jurisdictions, however, share fingerprint data of people booked into their custody with Department of Homeland Security (DHS) as well as the FBI.
Minnesota, does not have a policy of noncooperation with ICE, but its two largest cities, Minneapolis and St. Paul do have such policies. ICE has not concentrated in MN or the Midwest in general because it does not have sufficient officers to cover all states thoroughly. Like many other states, Minnesota allows in state tuition at public colleges and issues drivers' licenses to undocumented immigrants. The state, Minneapolis, St Paul, and many other cities as well as foundations and nonprofit organizations are working to close big education and employment disparities between whites and people of color. These goals are opposite to the current administration's goal of deporting immigrants. President Trump is asking for 10,000 additional ICE officers so he can send them to the interior of the country and deport many of the undocumented immigrants living there.
Looking to Future Developments - States vary widely regarding the extent of ICE involvement in their state and city and county police cooperation with ICE. Considerable research has already begun on how ICE involvement affects community stability and the economy of cities and counties. Cities in states like Minnesota, which have had more limited ICE involvement, and indeed the state itself, should look closely at these studies and the goals, economy, and immigrants' backgrounds to determine what impact greater ICE involvement would have in the state. It is especially important that the state, cities, and citizens convey harm that could be done to Minnesota by ICE activities to the senators and representatives that represent them in Congress. As will be seen in the articles on further topics in this immigration series, so far research reports indicate that extensive ICE involvement in counties or cities and local police cooperation with ICE results in community instability, economic decline, and great stress on immigrants who are at risk of being deported.
1. CAP Immigration Team and Michael D. Nicholson. "The Facts on Immigration Today: 2017 Edition."
April 20, 2017. https://www.americanprogress.org/issues/immigration/reports/2017/04/20/430736/facts-immigration-today-2017-edition/