Water Shortage Limits Fracking for Shale Gas

The Australian publication Climate Spectator cautions that fracking requires a lot of water, millions of gallons, sometimes several times over to get gas flowing in a well.  According to the Texas Water Board, for example, "the drought-ridden state‚Äôs requirements (18 million acre-feet of water) already outstrips its supply (17 million), which is why it has already had to contemplate rationing allocations to industry, farmers and manufacturers. By 2060, those needs are expected to increase to 22 million acre feet, with only 15.3 million available. In short, it will have only two buckets of water for every three it needs. And this is without factoring in the impact of shale gas." 
Texas is already facing a drought which has cost the state $5 billion."  The shortage of water will limit shale gas production or drive up its costs in many areas of the U.S. and the world.  See "BHP's Texan Water Torture" by Giles Parkinson.